International Journal of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging
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International Journal of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging

2023, Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A

Prediction of neonatal respiratory distress by evaluating the colour doppler of the foetal pulmonary artery
Author(s)
Dr. Kundeti Rakesh Yadav, Dr. Lokesh Kumar T, Dr. Col. Sudhir Sachar, Dr. Karthikeyan K and Dr. Rupal Samal
Abstract
Background: Colour doppler of foetal pulmonary artery is non-invasive tool in predicting neonatal respiratory distress.
Materials and Methods: This was a hospital based observational study conducted among 110 pregnant women who presented for institutional delivery in Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Department of Radiodiagnosis & Department of Paediatrics Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry, India, over a period of two years from January 2021 to June 2022 after obtaining clearance from Institutional Ethics Committee & written informed consent from study participants.
Results: In this observational study difference in proportion of foetal MPA Pulsatility index (PI), Resistive Index (RI), acceleration time/ejection time ratio (AT/ET), neonate oxygen support >24 hours, & APGAR score < 7 between neonate respiratory distress was statistically significant. Difference in proportion of PI between NRD is statistically significant with a p value < 0. 001. Difference in proportion of RI between NRD is statistically significant with a p value < 0. 001. Difference in proportion of AT/ET between neonatal RD is statistically significant with a p value < 0.001. AT/ET ratio had a sensitivity of 95.31 %, specificity of 93.48 %, PPV of 95.31 % & NPV of 93.48 % in predicting NRD. Difference in proportion of neonates requiring oxygen support >24 hours between NRD is statistically significant with p value < 0.001.
Conclusion: Difference in proportion of neonatal pulmonary artery AT/ET between neonatal RD is statistically significant with a p value < 0.001. AT/ET ratio had a sensitivity of 95.31 %, specificity of 93.48 %, PPV of 95.31 %, & NPV of 93.48 % in predicting RD in neonates.
Pages: 12-16 | Views: 38 | Downloads: 24
How to cite this article:
Dr. Kundeti Rakesh Yadav, Dr. Lokesh Kumar T, Dr. Col. Sudhir Sachar, Dr. Karthikeyan K, Dr. Rupal Samal. Prediction of neonatal respiratory distress by evaluating the colour doppler of the foetal pulmonary artery. Int J Radiol Diagn Imaging 2023;6(1):12-16. DOI: 10.33545/26644436.2023.v6.i1a.298
International Journal of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging
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