Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the normal range of dimensions for the liver, spleen, and kidney in healthy neonates, infants, and children upto 5 years in Gujarat.
Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional, prospective study involved 663 Paediatric participants (307 girls and 383 boys) with normal physical or sonographic findings who were examined because of problems unrelated to the measured organs. The participants were 1 day to 5 years old. All measured organs were sonographically normal. At least two dimensions were obtained for each liver, spleen, and kidney. Relationships of the dimensions of these organs with sex and age were investigated. Suggested limits of normal dimensions were defined.
Results: A 663 paediatric participants of which 369 (55.65%) were male and 294 (44.34%) were female participants with male to female ratio of (1.25:1). Maximum number of participants were neonates. Average size of liver, spleen and kidney found was 58.33 mm, 44.44mm, 36 x 18 mm (R),40 x 21 mm (L) respectively.
Conclusion: Determination of pathologic changes in size of the liver, spleen, and kidney necessitates knowing the normal range of dimensions for these organs in healthy neonates, infants, and young children. The study provides the normal values of liver, spleen and kidney size by ultrasonography in healthy Indian children.