Cerebrovascular accidents are one of the leading causes of death after heart disease and cancer in the developed countries and also in India. Incidence rate and the death rate of stroke increases as age advances. About 15 to 30% of patients die with each episode of cerebral infarction and 16 to 80% with cerebral haemorrhage.
Methodology : Hospital based cross-sectional observational study.40 cases admitted RVM Institute of medical sciences and Research Centre with the diagnosis of acute stroke was taken up for the study. The present study was carried out for 10 months period in the year 2019.Data for the study is collected from the referred cases with clinical history of stroke to the department of radiology for CT scan in the above mentioned study period.
Results: In this study it was observed that the mean age of the study population was 54.6 ± 8.2, Male: Female ratio was 1:0.8. There was a male preponderance in the study. In the present study it was observed that 45% patients had infarct followed by 38% patients haemorrhage and (5%) 2 patients had SOL(tumours mimicking stroke),(12%) 5 patients were normal. In the present study it was observed that incidence of diabetes was seen in 10 participants (25%), and incidence of hypertension was seen in 18 participants (45%).It was also observed that 67% males had infarct when compared to 33% in females.53% males were having haemorrhagic stroke when compared to 47% females. There is increased incidence observed in males with infarcts as well as haemorrhagic stroke.
Conclusion: CT scanning should be the first line of investigation for diagnosis of acute stroke as it is widely available and cost effective than MRI.