Thyroid swelling is a common clinical problem. The present study was conducted to determine disease of thyroid gland using Ultrasonography (USG).
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 42 patients with complaint of thyroid swelling of both genders. All were subjected to Siemens Accuson X300 ultrasound with high frequency linear probe. Parameters such as grading of goiter, echogenicity and type of lesion were assessed.
Results: Age group 20-30 years had 2 males and 8 females, 30-40 years had 5 males and 12 females, 40-50 years had 3 males and 6 females, 50-60 years had 1 male and 3 females and >60 years had 1 male and 1 female each. Diffuse goiter was present in 12, solitary thyroid nodule in 25 and multinodular goiter in 5. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Goiter grading was I seen in 28 and II in 14. Echogenicity was normal in 4, mild hypoechogenicity in 17, hypoechogenicity in 15 and total hypoechogenicity in 6. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found USG a reliable diagnostic tool in assessing lesions of thyroid gland.