Commonest complaints in patients and one of the most common causes of disability is low backache. Patients with low backache require immediate evaluation and diagnostic imaging is the only approach to know the cause and plan the appropriate management.
Methodology: Hospital based cross sectional study, conducted for one year period (Jan 2019 TO Dec 2019) among adult patients presenting with non-traumatic low backache. MRI investigation of Lumbosacral spine was done and imaging features were studied. This study was done on 50 patients in Department of Radiology, RVM Institute of Medical sciences.
Results: Maximum numbers of patients were found in the age group between 30 to 50 years (48%). The three common etiologies observed in this study are degenerative disc disease (70%) followed by Degenerative spondylolisthesis (18%) and infections as (12%). The abnormalities observed during the study in the participants are commonly Disc bulge (60%) followed by Disc desiccation (46%), Osteophytes (46%), spinal stenosis (34%), vertebral compression among (15%), spondylolisthesis (12%) and facet joint arthropathy in (9%)
Conclusion: MRI is the best diagnostic imaging modality in detecting the causes of low backache, thereby appropriate management can be planned to resolve the pain.