First trimester bleeding is any vaginal bleeding occurring during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The present study was conducted to evaluate the cases of first trimester bleeding using ultrasound.
Materials & Methods: This study was conducted on 82 pregnant women referred to the department with the complaint of first trimester bleeding. A detailed clinical history and Ultrasound examination (USG) was performed in all patients.
Results: 15 cases were seen below 20 years of age, 34 were in 20-25 years age group, 23 were in 25-30 years age group, 10 were beyond 30 years of age. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Ultrasonograph (USG) findings were threatened abortion (62), missed abortion (12), blighted ovum (6), incomplete abortion (8), complete abortion (6), hydatidiform mole (4) and preganancy with Cu- T (4). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Ultrasound diagnosis was found to be effective than clinical diagnosis alone in detection of threatened abortion, brighted ovum, missed abortion and complete abortion.
Conclusion: Ultrasonography is a useful tool in first trimester bleeding