Ascites, the collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, occurs with a variety of disease states. The present study was to assess cases of Ascites with USG.
Materials & Methods: This study was conducted on of 90 patients with Ascites. All underwent USG Scan with Aloka SSD-500 with frequency convex probe, and Honda SSD-500 with frequency (3.5 MHz) convex probe.
Results: Out of 90 patients, males were 50 and females were 60. Common causes were inflammatory (31), tumor (10), renal diseases (16), liver diseases (10), cardiac disease (8) and portal hypertension (15). The difference was significant (P- 0.01). Normal patients had total protein 8.1 g, total albumin 3.5 g and serum ascites albumin gradiant was 0.2. Moderate had, 7.6 g, 2.7g and 0.8 respectively. The SAAG ratio was significant (P- 0.01).
Conclusion: Ultrasonography is a reliable aid in detection of Ascites. Common causes were inflammatory, tumor, renal diseases, liver diseases, cardiac disease and portal hypertension.